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# MATHS CBSE VIII| Chapter 11 - Mensuration (Math) | Exercise 11.4 Page 191 Q 1 Q2, Q3, Q4,Q5, Q6, Q7

**Question 1:**

Given a cylindrical tank, in which situation will you find surface area and in which situation volume.

(a) To find how much it can hold

(b) Number of cement bags required to plaster it

(c) To find the number of smaller tanks that can be filled with water from it.

**Answer**

(a) In this situation, we will find the volume.

(b) In this situation, we will find the surface area.

(c) In this situation, we will find the volume.

**Question 2:**

Diameter of cylinder A is 7 cm, and the height is 14 cm. Diameter of cylinder B is 14 cm and height is 7 cm. Without doing any calculations can you suggest whose volume is greater? Verify it by finding the volume of both the cylinders. Check whether the cylinder with greater volume also has greater surface area?

**Answer**

The heights and diameters of these cylinders A and B are interchanged.

We know that,

Volume of cylinder

If measures of *r* and *h* are same, then the cylinder with greater radius will have greater area.

Radius of cylinder A = cm

Radius of cylinder B = cm = 7 cm

As the radius of cylinder B is greater, therefore, the volume of cylinder B will be greater.

Let us verify it by calculating the volume of both the cylinders.

Volume of cylinder A

Volume of cylinder B

Volume of cylinder B is greater.

Surface area of cylinder A

Surface area of cylinder B

Thus, the surface area of cylinder B is also greater than the surface area of cylinder A.

**Question 3:**

Find the height of a cuboid whose base area is 180 cm^{2} and volume is 900 cm^{3}?

**Answer**

Base area of the cuboid = Length × Breadth = 180 cm^{2}

Volume of cuboid = Length × Breadth × Height

900 cm^{3} = 180 cm^{2} × Height

Thus, the height of the cuboid is 5 cm.

**Question 4:**

A cuboid is of dimensions 60 cm × 54 cm × 30 cm. How many small cubes with side 6 cm can be placed in the given cuboid?

**Answer**

Volume of cuboid = 60 cm × 54 cm × 30 cm = 97200 cm^{3}

Side of the cube = 6 cm

Volume of the cube = (6)^{3} cm^{3} = 216 cm^{3}

Required number of cubes =

Thus, 450 cubes can be placed in the given cuboid.

**Question 5:**

Find the height of the cylinder whose volume is 1.54 m^{3} and diameter of the base is 140 cm?

**Answer**

Diameter of the base = 140 cm

Radius (*r*) of the base

Volume of cylinder

Thus, the height of the cylinder is 1 m.

**Question 6:**

A milk tank is in the form of cylinder whose radius is 1.5 m and length is 7 m. Find the quantity of milk in litres that can be stored in the tank?

**Answer**

Radius of cylinder = 1.5 m

Length of cylinder = 7 m

Volume of cylinder

1m^{3} = 1000 L

Required quantity = (49.5 × 1000) L = 49500 L

Therefore, 49500 L of milk can be stored in the tank.

**Question 7:**

If each edge of a cube is doubled,

(i) how many times will its surface area increase?

(ii) how many times will its volume increase?

**Answer**

(i) Let initially the edge of the cube be *l*.

Initial surface area = 6*l*^{2}

If each edge of the cube is doubled, then it becomes 2*l*.

New surface area = 6(2*l*)^{2} = 24*l*^{2} = 4 × 6*l*^{2}

Clearly, the surface area will be increased by 4 times.

(ii) Initial volume of the cube = *l*^{3}

When each edge of the cube is doubled, it becomes 2*l*.

New volume = (2*l*)^{3} = 8*l*^{3 }= 8 × *l*^{3}

Clearly, the volume of the cube will be increased by 8 times.